Everyone knows that lighting is very important in any space, regardless of the type, function and design. But lighting is more complicated than just choosing a chandelier and a lamp. You have to also think of the type of lighting you want to use in a particular room or space. There are three main types of lighting you should consider, although there are also several other categories you could then think about. These three types are:
Also called general lighting, this type includes the overall illumination forms usually used in a room. Its role is to create a uniform light level throughout this space. It does not include special lighting and only focuses on the overall effect. Ambient lighting can take several forms. You could opt for ceiling-mounted or recessed fixtures, for wall sconces, cove lighting, floor lamps, etc.
Highlighting is also known as accent lighting and it’s meant to draw attention on a particular object or space. It is commonly used for artwork, sculptures, plants or bookcases. Sometimes it’s also used outdoors where it can highlight the shape of a tree, a plant or a water feature. The whole point of using this type of lighting is to draw the eye to a particular area.
Target lighting or task lighting is used to illuminate a particular area of a room. For example, it could be used for the kitchen counters (under-cabinet lighting), for the living room, the seating area or the reading corner. In offices, it takes the form of desk lamps.
Picture sources: 1, 2, and 3.